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References

  1. Calkins H, Yong P, Miller J, etal. Catheter ablation of accessory pathways,   atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia, and the atrioventricular junction: final results of a prospective, multicenter clinical trial. Circulation 1999; 99: 262-270.
  2. Friedman P, Dubuc M, Green M, etal. Catheter cryoablation of supraventricular tachycardia: Results of the multicenter prospective “frosty” trial. Heart Rhythm 2004; 1: 129-138.
  3. Bunch T, Bruce K, Johnson S, etal.  Analysis of Catheter-Tip (8-mm) and Actual Tissue Temperatures Achieved During Radiofrequency Ablation at the Orifice of the Pulmonary Vein. Circulation 2004; 110: 2988-2995.
  4. Schulter M and Kuch K. Catheter ablation form right atrium of anteroseptal accessory pathways using radiofrequency current. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 1992; 19: 663-670.
  5. Kimman G, Szili-Torok T, etal. Transvenous cryothermal catheter ablation of a right anteroseptal accessory pathway. Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology 2001; 12: 1415-1417.
  6. Lanzotti M, DePonti R, Tritto M, etal. Successful treatment of anteroseptal accessory pathways by transvenous cryomapping and cryoablation. Italian Heart Journal. 2002; 3: 128-132.
  7. Idris F, Green M, Tang A, etal. A cool ablation. Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology 2002; 13: 299.
  8. Atienza F, Arenal A, Torrecilla EG, etal. Acute and long-term outcome of transvenous cryoablation of midseptal and parahissian accessory pathways in patients at high risk of atrioventricular block during radiofrequency ablation. American Journal of Cardiology 2004; 93: 1302-1305.
    (22 people with pathways near the AVNode underwent cryoablation with the smallest catheter (4mm tip). 8 of these people had already had attempted RF ablation. 95% were cured with no need for pacemakers.)
  9. Gaita F, Riccardi R, Hocini M, etal. Safety and efficacy of cryoablation of accessory pathways adjacent to the normal conduction system. Journal of  Cardiovascular. Electrophysiology 2003; 14: 825-829.
    (11 people were treated successfully with cryoablation using the smallest catheter (4mm tip). 4 patients required two tries. No pacemakers were required.)
  10. Gaita F, Montefusco A, Riccardi R, etal. Cryoenergy catheter ablation: a new technique for treatment of permanent junctional reciprocating tachycardia in children. Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology 2004; 15: 263-268.
  11. Bar-Cohen Y, Cecchin F, Alexander M, etal. Cryoablation for accessory pathways located near normal conduction tissues or within the coronary venous system in children and young adults. Heart Rhythm 2006; 3: 253-258.
  12. Aoyama H, Nakagawa H, Pitha J, etal. Comparison of cryothermia and radiofrequency current in safety and efficacy of catheter ablation within the canine coronary sinus. J Cardiovascular Electrophysiology 2005;16: 1218-1226.
  13. Morady F. Catheter Ablation of Supraventricular Arrhythmias: State of the Art.  Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology 2004; 27:125-142.      
  14. Rodriguez  L, Geller J, Tse H, etal. Acute results of transvenous cryoablation of supraventricular tachycardia (atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia). Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology 2002; 13: 1082-1089.